Cambodian Golden Silk is originally made from silkworms that eat mulberry leaves. In Cambodia, growing mulberry trees, feeding silkworms and spinning and weaving silk is practiced since the 13th century and continued to develop until World War II. The activities to produce silk took place at the outskirts of Phnom Penh, along Mekong river, Basak river, Tonle Sap, the islands on Mekong river, Kampot, Kampong Thom, Siem Reap, Battambang and Takeo where it can be seen until today.
Uniqueness of Khmer Silk: Hand-made product produced with natural dye.
Silk producers: There are two main production places, Artisans D’Angkor and Institute for Khmer Traditional Textiles (IKTT).
Market: Domestic market and export to many countries.
Handicraft products made from rattan and small species of rattan include small round baskets, flat baskets, small flat baskets, shallow baskets, etc. which are Khmer traditional equipments since ancient times. These products have a light weight; are comfortable, easy to store and mobile. These products are heritage from our ancestors.
Production quantity: 20,000 to 30,000 units per month.
Number of producers: One rattan handicraft producer community and many independent families who produce rattan handicrafts.
Market: Domestic market and export.
Pra Hok (fish paste) is a traditional Khmer food since ancient times. Villagers from Kampog Klaing produce Pra Hok by using Trey Kam Plearnh, a flat fish, as the main raw material. The producers experience is that this fish species can be stored for a long time. With assistance from the Ministry of Commerce, Kampong Klaing’s Pra Hok producers formed an association in order to develop their product and improve quality and packaging which will provide higher value added.
Production: 600-700 tons per year.
Pra Hok producers: One association (Kampong Klaing Pra Hok’s Association) and one private company (Angkor Golden Fish Enterprise).
Market: Domestic market and export to Vietnam and Thailand.
Green beans are a small grain that containssumes a high protein substance. The farmers cultivate green beans and other commercial crops after the main crop which is paddy rice. Farmers in Siem Reap province started an extensive cultivation of green bean in 1988 due to its short cultivation duration. The cultivation is done by family farms mostly in Sott Nykom district, Kralanh, Angkor Thom and Varinn district.
Production: cultivation area is 1,565 ha, yield is 1,142 tons/year.
Market: Domestic market and export to Vietnam and Thailand.
Harvest time: March to May.
Crocodile farming is an increasing business in Cambodia since 1998. The crocodile farmers started their business either individually or by participating in crocodile feeding communities.
Production: 22,220 heads in 2008.
Producer: One crocodile feeding association (with 30 members) and 429 individual families businesses.
Market: Crocodiles skin is exported to Singapore and Vietnam.
Cassava trees were originally grown in South Africa. From there cassava was spreading to many tropical and sub-tropical areas around the world. Cassava is an agricultural product that can be processed into various other products such as ethanol, animal feed or cassava starch/flour for human consumption. Cassava is cultivated in Siem Reap Province mostly in Chy Kreng district, Sott Nikom district, Pourk district, Kralanh, Ankgor Thom and Banteay Srey district.
Production size: 7,676 tons per year.
Market: Export to Thailand and Vietnam.
Harvest time: February to March.
Siem Reap Province is a world-wide known tourism site. However, this province is not only hosting tourists but also produces tremendous amounts of paddy rice, mostly for local consumption. Beside conventional paddy rice, organic paddy rice is produced based on seeds supplied by Farmer Association for Rice Seed Production. This association produces organic seeds of varieties such as Phkar Romdoul, Phkar Romchek, Phkar Romchang, Sen Pei Dor, Somaly, Phkar Mliss, Phkar Rormirt and IR66 in order to supply the domestic market. Today, this association produces around 517 tons of organic seeds per year available for local farmers.
Production: Cultivation area of conventional paddy rice is 13,985 ha, yields are 47,930 tons per year. Market: Domestic market and export to Vietnam and Thailand.
Siem Reap, located in northwestern Cambodia, is the gateway to the world-famous Angkor temple complex, which includes the magnificent Angkor Wat. The province also contains a vibrant capital city boasting many luxury hotels, beautifully-aged colonial buildings, a buzzing Pub Street, silk farms, markets, and much more.
The city of Siem Reap, also the capital of the province, is a ‘must-visit’ destination for all visitors to Cambodia. This is where the glorious 12th Century Angkor Wat temple, the largest religious building in the world, is located. Situated on the northern bank of the Tonle Sap Great Lake, this mesmerizing eighth wonder of the world can be easily accessed by plane, land, and boat.
The ruins of Angkor, located in thick jungle, are now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
There are over one thousand temples ranging in scale from nondescript piles of rubble scattered through rice fields to the awe-inspiring Angkor Wat--the best-preserved temple.
Apart from the legacy of the vast Angkor temple complex, Siem Reap has a lot more to offer to tourists, from the spectacular floating village on the Tonle Sap Lake to the heritage site of the Kulen Mountain, to the recently discovered Koh Ker ruins.
In town, there are a bevy of ethnic craft shops, galleries, cafes, eateries and top-notch restaurants serving every type of cuisine. The famous ‘Pub Street’ and the night markets of Siem Reap are now renowned tour destinations in their own rights. Additionally, siilk farms, rice-paddy countryside, fishing villages and a very rich bird sanctuary near the Tonle Sap Lake make Siem Reap one of the most captivating places in the world.
The province of Siem Reap is conveniently situated 314 km northwest of Phnom Penh, along National Road No 6. It can be reached all year round by National Road No 6 from Phnom Penh, Poipèt Border Checkpoint from Banteay Meanchey, Kampong Cham Province and Kampong Thom Province, and by National Road No 5 and 6 from Kampong Chhnang province, Pursat province and Battambang province.
How to reach Siem Reap
Siem Reap is accessible by direct flights from many major cities in the region including Bangkok, Danang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh, Paksé, Vientiane, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hong Kong, Kunming, Taipei, etc. From the capital of Phnom Penh, Angkor Air operates several direct flights per day to and from Siem Reap. There are also speedboats operating along the Tonlé Sap from Phnom Penh and Battambang Province.
Kulen MountainThe Kulen Mountain or Phnom Kulen is declared as a National Park. It is an isolated mountain massif located in Svay Leu District and some 48km from Siem Reap. Its highest point is 487 meters.
This is widely regarded as the birthplace of the ancient Khmer Empire. During the constructional period of the ancient temples in the nineth century, sand stones were brought from this sacred mountain to Angkor. It was here at Phnom Kulen that King Jayavarman II proclaimed independence from Java in 802 A.D. The site is known for its carvings representing fertility and its waters hold special significance to the people of Cambodia.
Just a few inches under the surface of the water, over 1000 carvings of Yoni and Linga are etched into the sandstone riverbed. The waters are regarded as holy, given the sacred carvings which also include a stone representation of the Hindu god Vishnu lying on his serpent Ananta, with his wife Lakshmi at his feet. A lotus flower protrudes from Vishnu’s navel bearing the god Brahma. The river then ends with a beautiful waterfall. Phnom Kulen is regarded highly by Cambodian people as a sacred location and has developed into a great tour destination.
The temple complex at Koh Ker, northeast of Siem Reap, represents the remnants of the capital of the Khmer Empire from 928 AD. – 944 A.D. – a very unique period in the Age of Angkor. From the time the Khmer capital was first moved to the Angkor area in the late 9 th century, it would remain there for almost 500 years, with one brief interruption. Just a few decades after the establishment at Angkor there was a disruption in the royal succession for reasons that remain a matter of academic debate. What is known is that in 928 A.D.
King Jayavarman IV, possibly a usurper to the throne, created a new capital 100km away at Koh Ker, either moving the capital city from Angkor or creating a rival capital. Obviously a king of much wealth and power, he raised an impressive royal city at Koh Ker of Brahmanic monuments, temples and prasats, surrounding a huge baray (reservoir) Rahal. Jayavarman IV reigned at Koh Ker for 20 years before he died in 941 A.D. His son Hashavarman II would remain at Koh Ker for another 3 years before returning the capital to the Angkor area.
The monuments of Koh Ker are now on a road loop around the baray past the most importants temples. The premier ruin of the complex is Prasat Thom, an imposing 7-tiered pyramid and temple complex. (Best photographed in the morning and offering a bird’s eye view from the top.) As you round the loop, there are several nicely preserved ruins sit just off the road., impressive prasats and small temple complexes. There are lingas still in place in some monuments such as Prasat Balang and Prasat Thneng.
For the enthusiast, there are also dozens of other, more remote ruins in the area. A good guide can be most helpful at Koh Ker. A trip to Koh Ker takes the better part of a day out of Siem Reap and is usually combined with a visit to Beng Melea. To get there take Route #6 east from Siem Reap to Damdek. Turn north and follow the sign. Part of the way is a toll road. Check road conditions before leaving Siem Reap, especially in the wet season. $10 entrance fee to Koh ker.
Preah Khan of Kampong Svay
A jungle temple of many names: Preah Khan of Kampong Svay, Preah Khan of Kampong Thom and Prasat Bakan. Preah Khan is a massive monastic complex enclosing near five square kilometers, originally constructed under Suryavarman I but receiving addition and modification by later kings.
Tonle Sap, the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, is itself a natural wonder.This great lake exists as an ecological anomaly. In early June, at the start of the rainy season, the water level of the Mekong River rises to divert part of its flow off its course to the South China Sea and redirect it into the Tonle Sap. This forces the current to reverse direction, beginning a process that by the end of October will see the great lake increasing its size almost tenfold, making it the largest freshwater body in Southeast Asia.
Phnom Krom - Tonle Sap Lake
The Tonle Sap Lake, fed by the mighty Mekong and the Tonle Sap Rivers, is a vast expanse of water that forms the most significant topographical feature in Cambodia. This ‘Great Lake’ represents a people’s identity and way of life for the thousands of Cambodians who live on the lake and are dependent on the Tonle Sap and its ebbs and flows to maintain life.
There is a whole community here; besides homes, there is a school, police post, fire station, church and a few restaurants as well. This self-sufficient community of the great lake, known commonly as the floating village of Cambodia, draws crowds daily to observe life and to share their time in this wonderful neighborhood of the great Tonle Sap Lake.
Siem Reap Province
1. Provincial Government Policies for Investment Promotion
1) Special features or strong points of the Province in terms of the investment (*2) (*5)
2) Investment opportunities or potential sector
Agriculture: cultivated area of 215,792 ha and average of production yield of 2.5 ton/ha
In general, Provincial land is clay – sand soil
There are three category of soil:
- 1- Upper land: red-black soil
- 2- Middle land: clay-sand soil and alluvial soil
- Low land: alluvial soil
7. Forestry & Mining (*2)
476,824 ha, (45.23% of total area of the Province)
Angkor protected area (scenery protected area): 10,800 ha
Boeung Pe Wildlife Sanctuary: 242,500 ha (Siem Reap Province, Kampong Thom Province, Preah Vihear Province)
Kulen Prom tep Wildlife Sanctuary: 402,500 ha (Siem Reap Province, Otdar Meanchey Province, Otdar Meanchey Province)
Kulen National Park: 37,500 ha (Siem Reap Province)
10 Tourism (*2) (*5) (*9)
4 sites at Great Lake, Chong Kneas, Kampong Plok and Kampong Kleang Me Chrey
2 Museums (Preah Norodom Angkor and Angkor museum)